服务热线:+86-0000-1234

站内公告:

凤凰彩票app下载_官网平台:凤凰彩票代理 初中英语必须掌握的英语句型考点(齐全清理,请珍藏)
凤凰彩票代理

当前位置:凤凰彩票app下载_官网平台 > 凤凰彩票代理 >

凤凰彩票代理 初中英语必须掌握的英语句型考点(齐全清理,请珍藏)

时间:2020/11/17  点击量:113

原标题:初中英语必须掌握的英语句型考点(齐全清理,请珍藏)

初中英语句型大全

2019年,中国集成电路市场规模高速增长实现销售收入7,562.3亿元,同比增长15.77%,增速远高于全球平均水平。另一方面,行业呈现专业化分工趋势越来越明显、传统的IDM模式压力日益加大的局面,而广东利扬芯片测试股份有限公司(以下简称“利扬芯片”)前五大客户贡献超七成收入,其或面临客户集中高企的问题。

国务院新闻办公室19日举行新闻发布会,介绍2020年前三季度国民经济运行情况。前三季度中国经济成绩单怎么样?哪些数据变化是“首次”出现?一起来看~

本报北京10月26日讯 记者崔国强报道:10月26日,中国钢铁工业协会举行2020年三季度信息发布会,中国钢铁工业协会副会长兼秘书长屈秀丽在发布会上表示,6月份至9月份,钢铁行业连续4个月利润实现同比正增长,企业效益持续好转,同比降幅明显收窄。

传闻中的数字人民币这次真的在深圳落地了!

10月31日,江苏省常熟市委外宣办、常熟市政府新闻办官方微博发布消息称,常熟农商行驻苏州工业园区2.5产业园的金融科技公司多名员工在体检中查出肺部结节,常熟市正组织苏州、常熟两级医疗专家对金融科技公司相关员工的体检报告、数字化胸片及既往病史逐一检查,给出诊断意见。

坐拥千亿资产的东北老牌国企华晨集团,明明账上躺着数百亿的货币资金,却对10亿的债务束手无策。

句型:

疑问句型

What is this?

组织︰问句:What+be 动词+this(that…)?

答句:This(that…)+be 动词+a book(pen…)。

表明︰此句型意为"这(那)是什么?这(那)是书(钢笔…)"。what(什么)叫做"疑问词",用于咨询"事物",清淡放在句首,后接 be <动词>,再接<主语>,第一个字母 w要大写,句尾要添问号(?),位置不可排错。

What is this? This is a chair. 这是什么?这是一张椅子。

What's this? It's a book. 这是什么?它是一本书。

What is that? That is a desk. 那是什么?那是一张书桌。

What are these?

组织︰问句:What are+these/those…?

答句:These/Those are+复数名词(+s/es)。

表明︰<主语>与<动词>的方法要相反,is 后面接单数<名词>,are 后面要接复数<名词>。

What are these? These are books. 这些是什么?这些是书。

What are those? Those are cups. 那些是什么?那些是茶杯。

What are they? They are glasses. 它们是什么?它们是玻璃杯。

What are you?

组织︰问句:What+be 动词+主语(人)…?

答句:主语+be 动词+a student…。

表明︰此句型意为"你是做什么事情的?吾是门生…"。疑问词 what 除了咨询事物之外,还可用于咨询"人的做事或身分"。be <动词>随<人称代名词>的转折而转折形态,如:I am,we are,you are,he is…。

睁开全文

What are you? I am a student. 你是做什么事情的?吾是别名门生。

What is she? She is a teacher. 她是做什么事情的?她是别名教师。

Are you a ...?

组织︰问句:Be 动词(am,are,is)+主语+…?

肯定简答:Yes,主语+am(are,is)。

否定简答:No,主语+am(are,is)not。

表明︰在否定<简答句>中,<主语>和 am,is,are 能够缩写;在肯定<简答句>中则不可。

Is he a student? Yes, he is. (No, he isn't.) 他是门生吗?是的,他是。(不,他不是。)

Are you a teacher? Yes, I am. (No, I'm not.) 你是教师吗?是的,吾是。(不,吾不是。)

Is that a clock? Yes, it is. (No, it isn't.) 那是钟外吗?是的,它是。(不,它不是。)

What is your name?

组织︰问句:What+is+一切格+name?

答句:一切格+name+is+名字。

表明︰"my,your,his,her"为单数人称的<一切格>;<一切格>后面必接<名词>,即"<一切格>+<名词>";<一切格>不可与 a,an,this,that,these 或 those 紧接一首行使。

What is your name? My name is Sue. 妳叫什么名字?吾的名字叫苏。

What is his name? His name is John. 他叫什么名字?他的名字叫约翰。

What is her name? Her name is Jean. 她叫什么名字?她的名字叫珍。

Who is that ...?

组织︰问句:Who+be 动词+that+形容词+名词?

答句:That is+名字。

表明︰Who 是<疑问代名词>,咨询人的"姓名"或"有关";将<形容词>直接放在<名词>前线,叫做"前位修饰"。

Who is that short boy? That is Bill. 那位低男孩是谁?那位是比尔。

Who is that tall girl? That is Mary. 那位高女孩是谁?那位是玛丽。

Who is that fat man? He is my uncle. 那位肥外子是谁?那位是吾叔叔。

Where is ...?

组织︰问句:Where+be 动词(am,are,is)+主语…?

答句:主语+be 动词+in the+名词…。

表明︰问句是"Where ...?",简答时可用<副词词组>"In/On the+<名词>"。

Where is Sue? She is in her room. 苏在那里?她在她的房间里。

Where are your books? On the desk. 你的书在那里?在书桌上。

Where is your mother? She is in the kitchen. 你妈吗在那里?她在厨房里。

Are you V-ing ...?

组织︰Am(Are,Is)+主语+现在分词…?

表明︰此句型意为"<主语>(人,物)正在…吗?"。这一<句型>转换的三要素是:be <动词>移到句首;改为大写;句尾用问号。

Is Mary sleeping? 玛丽正在睡眠吗?

Are you reading a book? 你正在看书吗?

Is the dog playing? 幼狗正在游玩吗?

What are you doing?

组织︰问句:What+am(are,is)+主语+现在分词?

答句:主语+am(are,is)+现在分词…。

表明︰"<主语>(人)正在做什么?<主语>(人)正在…"。仔细:<祈使句>的动词只能用底细凤凰彩票代理,不可造<现在进走式>;外示"转瞬产生"的行为的<动词词组>凤凰彩票代理,如 sit down凤凰彩票代理,stand up凤凰彩票代理,不可造<现在进走式>。

What am I doing? You are reading a book. 吾正在做什么? 你正在浏览一本书。

What are the girls doing? They are singing. 姑娘们正在做什么? 她们在唱歌。

What is Bill writing? He is writing a letter. 比尔在写什么? 他在写一封信。

How old are you?

组织︰问句:How old+be 动词+主语(某人)?

答句:主语(某人)+be 动词+year(s) old。

表明︰此句型意为"某人几岁?某人是…岁"。该句型中凤凰彩票代理,<疑问词>要用 how,不可用 what;且 be <动词>(am,is,are)要和后面的<主语>(某人)协调;答句中的"year(s) old"能够省略。

How old are you? I am twelve (years old). 你几岁?吾十二岁。

How old is your sister? She is thirteen years old. 你的姊妹几岁?她十三岁。

How old is John? He is one year old. 约翰几岁?他一岁。

What time is it?

组织︰问句:What time is it?

答句:It is+数字+o'clock。

表明︰此句型意为"现在是几点钟?现在是…点钟"。问句中 what 当<形容词>,修饰后面的<名词> time;time 当时间解时,只能用单数,不可用复数。

What time is it? It is ten o'clock. 现在是几点钟?现在是十点钟。

What time is it? It is six o'clock. 现在是几点钟?现在是六点钟。

What time is it? It is nine o'clock. 现在是几点钟?现在是九点钟。

Do you + V ...?

组织︰问句:Do/Does+主语+底细动词…?

肯定简答:Yes,主语+do/does。

否定简答:No,主语+don't/doesn't。

表明︰肯定句中,如有清淡<动词>(speak,work,teach…),则在句首添<助动词> do 或 does,并将清淡<动词>改为底细<动词>(不添s或es),即组成<疑问句>。

Do you speak English? Yes, I do. (No, I don't.)

你讲英语吗?是的,吾讲英语。(不,吾不讲英语。)

Does she have a cat? Yes, she does. (No, she doesn't.)

她有一只猫吗?是的,她有一只猫。(不,她异国一只猫。)

Do they work in office? Yes, they do. (No, they don't.)

他们在办公室里做事吗?是的,他们在办公室里做事。(不,他们不在办公室里做事。)

What time do you + V ...?

组织︰问句:What time+do/does+主语+底细动词…?

答句:主语(某人)+清淡动词…+时间。

表明︰此句型意为"某人几点做某事?"<助动词> do 或 does 的选择依<主语>而定,若<主语>为第三人称单数,用 does;其它用 do。

What time do you get up? I usually get up at six. 你几点首床?吾清淡六点首床。

What time does he go to bed? He usually goes to bed at ten.他几点睡眠?他清淡十点睡眠。

What time does your class begin? It begins at eight-ten.

你的课几点最先?八点相等最先。

What day is today?

组织︰问句:What day is today?

答句:It's+Sunday/Monday/…。

表明︰此句型意为"今天是星期几?今天是星期日/星期一/…。"it 可用于指"星期的名称",但 this或 that 不能够;一星期七天的名称,都是<特著名词>,起头的首字母要大写,前线不添<冠词>。

What day is today? It's Sunday. 今天是星期几?今天是星期日。

What day is today? It's Wednesday. 今天是星期几?今天是星期三。

What day is today? It's Saturday. 今天是星期几?今天是星期六。

How many N are there ...

组织︰问句:How many+复数名词+are there in/on+名词?

答句:There is/are+单数(复数)名词+in/on+名词。

表明︰此句型意为"在某处有众少…?在某处有…。"该句型中,many 修饰复数<名词>;又因本句型是 <疑问句>,故用 are there,不可用 there are。

How many seasons are there in a year? There are four seasons in a year.

一年有几个季节? 一年有四季。

How many days are there in a week? There are seven days in a week.

一星期有几天? 一星期有七天。

How many lessons are there in this book? There are twelve lessons in this book.

这本书里有几课? 这本书里有十二课。

How many ... do you have?

组织︰问句:How many+复数名词+do/does+主语+have?

答句:主语+have/has…+复数名词+…。

答句:主语+don't/doesn't have…+复数名词…。

表明︰"How many"后面接复数<可数名词>,复数<名词>的前线可用 many,a lot of,a few,some,few,any,no 等修饰。

How many books do you have? I have a lot of books. (I don't have any books.)

你有几本书? 吾有很众书。(吾异国书。)

How many sweaters do you have? I have three sweaters. (I don't have any sweaters.)

你有几件毛衣? 吾有三件毛衣。(吾异国毛衣。)

How many friends does she have? She has a lot of friends. (She doesn't have many friends.)

她有几个良朋? 她有很众良朋。(她异国很众良朋。)

How much ... do you have?

组织︰问句:How much+单数不可数名词+do/does+主语+have?

答句:主语+have/has…+单数不可数名词。

答句:主语+don't/doesn't have…+单数不可数名词。

表明︰"How much"后面接单数<不可数名词>,单数<不可数名词>前线可用 much, a little,some,little,any,no 等修饰。

How much tea does he have? He has a lot of tea. (He doesn't have any tea.)

他有众少茶? 他有很众茶。(他异国茶。)

How much homework do they have? They have a lot of homework. (They don't have much homework.) 他们有众少家庭作业? 他们有很众家庭作业。(他们异国很众家庭作业。)

How much fruit do they have? They have a lot of fruit. (They don't have a lot of fruit.)

他们有众少水果? 他们有很众水果。(他们异国很众水果。)

How much do(es) ... cost?

组织︰How much do(es)+某物+cost…?

表明︰此句型意为"某物值众少钱?"。how much 用来咨询商品的价格。还能够写作:"How much+ be <动词>+某物?"。

How much does this computer cost? (=How much is this computer?)这部计算机值众少钱?

How much do the vegetables cost? 这些蔬菜值众少钱?

How much do the movie tickets cost? 这些电影票值众少钱?

Did ... V ...

组织︰Did+主语+底细动词+…曩以前间?

表明︰将肯定句中的以前式改为"Did+底细<动词>",并将 Did 放在句首,句尾用问号,即组成以前式的<疑问句>。

Did he clean the room yesterday? 他昨天打扫房间吗?

Did she wash the skirt yesterday? 她昨天洗这裙子吗?

Did your brother play in the park this morning? 你弟弟今天上午在公园游玩吗?

Did he eat lunch yesterday? 他昨天吃午饭吗?

Did you see any elephants in the zoo last week? 上星期你在动物园里看到大象了吗?

Did Sue have her breakfast at eight? 苏在八点钟吃过早餐了吗?

Do you ever + V ...?

组织︰问句:Do/Does+主语+ever+底细动词…?

答句:No,主语+never+清淡动词(添s或es)…。

表明︰ever 清淡用于<疑问句>,never 清淡用于否定回答;never 也可放在句首,后接底细 <动词>,形成否定<祈使句>,如例句4。

Do you ever use a computer? No, I never use a computer.

你曾经行使计算机吗?不,吾不曾行使过计算机。

Does Tom ever get up late? No, Tom never gets up late.

汤姆曾经晚首床吗?不,汤姆不曾晚首床过。

Does Sally ever play the piano? No, Sally never plays the piano.

萨莉曾经弹钢琴吗?不,萨莉不曾弹过钢琴。

Never be late for school, Bill. 比尔,上学绝不可迟到。

What year was he born in?

组织︰What date/year+was/were+主语+born+on/in?

表明︰此句型意为"你出生于几月几日(那一年)?"。born 是<底细动词> bear 的以前<分词>,在文法上当 <形容词>,前线常有 was 或 were;中文说"某人出生",英语答说:"某人+was/were born…"。

What year were you born in? 你出生于那一年?

What date was your mother born on? 你母亲出生于几月几日?

What month was your sister born in? 你妹妹出生于几月?

What will you do on ...?

组织︰What will/did+主语+do+on+时间?

表明︰此句型意为"某人在某时间将做什么?(异日式)某人在某时做了什么事?(以前式)"。指特定的日期(如几月几日)、星期几或星期几的早晨(下昼,夜晚),要用介系词on。

What will you do on Teacher's Day? 你在教师节将做什么事?

What will they do on Christmas Eve? 他们在圣诞夜将做什么事?

What will Helen do on her birthday? 海伦在她生日那天将做什么事?

What did John do on New Year's Day? 约翰在元旦做了什么事?

What did Mary do on Youth Day? 玛丽在青年节做了什么事?

What did the suspect do on July ninth? 疑心犯在七月九日做了什么事情?

How do you + V ...?

组织︰问句:How+do+主语+清淡动词…?

答句:主语+清淡动词…+情状副词。

表明︰How 是问情况的<疑问副词>,外示"怎样…?"。用于表明"状态或性质"的副词,称为 <情状副词>。当用来修饰<不敷物动词>时,<情状副词>位于其后;当用来修饰<及物动词>时,<情状动词>位于<及物动词>的前线或后面。

How did you do your work? I did my work happily.

你怎样做你的做事? 吾很喜悦地做了吾的做事。

How did Mrs. Lin look at Mr. Lin? She looked at Mr. Lin coldly.

林太太怎样注视林老师? 她冷漠地注视林老师。

How does Mr. Wang drive his taxi? He drives his taxi carefully.

王老师怎样驾驶他的出租车? 他仔细地驾驶他的出租车。

You are ..., aren't you?

组织︰肯定句,+否定式助动词+主语?

表明︰这是一栽逆意<疑问句>,其组织特点是:第一片面是肯定式,第二片面就用否定式。直述句的<主语>是<名词>时,附添问句的<主语>要用<代名词>代替:it 代替 this, that,<不定词>(当<主语>)或<动名词>(当<主语>)等;they 代替 these,those, people 等。下列<助动词>的否定缩写式较易弄错:will not->won't;would not-> wouldn't;should not->shouldn't;can not->can't;could not->couldn't; might not->mightn't;ought not->oughtn't。直述句有清淡<动词>现在式,则附添问句用 do 或 does 代替;有清淡<动词>以前式,则附添问句用 did 代替。

They're ready, aren't they?(读降调)他们准备益了吧?(读升调)他们准备益了,不是吗?

Mike has a car, doesn't he?(读降调)麦克有辆车,是吧?(读升调)麦克有辆车,不是吗?

The secretary typed the letter, didn't she? 是秘书打了这封信,不是吗?

They will go to Europe, won't they? 他们将往欧洲,不是吗?

You are the teacher, aren't you? 你就是老师,不是吗?

I suppose you have been in our woods, haven't you?吾推想你在吾们的森林里呆过,不是吗?

I know he had a good time last night, didn't he? 吾晓畅他昨天夜晚玩得很喜悦,不是吗?

The wall plug is broken, isn't it? 墙上的插座坏了,不是吗?

Clean parks are beautiful, aren't they? 清洁的公园是时兴的,不是吗?

You can do it, can't you? 你会做它,不是吗?

We should rise early, shouldn't we? 吾们答该早首,不是吗?

He isn't ..., is he?

组织︰否定句,+肯定式助动词+主语?

表明︰这是另一栽逆意<疑问句>。否定组织在第一片面,第二片面就要用肯定组织。对逆意<疑问句>的回答和对否定式清淡<疑问句>一致,要看答句。

He isn't a manager, is he? -- Yes, he is. (No, he isn't.)

他不是经理,是吧?--不,他是经理。(是的,他不是经理。)

Mike doesn't have a car, does he? 麦克异国车,是吗?

The secretary didn't type the letter, did she? 秘书异国打过这封信,是吗?

They won't go to Europe, will they? 他们不会往欧洲,是吗?

You aren't the teacher, are you? 你不是老师,是吗?

I don't think he can answer the question, can he? 吾想他无法回答这个题目,是吗?

What in the world ...?

组织︰疑问词+in the world/on earth/ever+其它

表明︰此句型意为"究竟…?到底…?"。这是稀奇<疑问句>的强调说法。in the world,on earth 和 ever是强调疑问词的<词组>。

How in the world will he do it? 他到底将如何做这件事?

What in the world do you mean? 你的有趣究竟是什么?

How on earth did you know it? 你到底是怎么晓畅的?

Who on earth told you that? 那件事究竟是谁通知你的?

Where ever did you lose it? 你到底在哪儿丢的呀?

What in the world are they hoping for? 他们到底想要什么?

Are you ... or ...?

组织︰清淡疑问句(读升调)+or+清淡疑问句(读降调)

表明︰此句型意为"是…照样…?"。这是选择<疑问句>,前线都是清淡<疑问句>,后面的问句如与前线有一致的片面,都能够省略。

Shall we come to see you or will you come to see us?

是吾们来找你们,照样你们来找吾们?

Are you from the America or from the England? 您是美国人照样英国人?

Will he go on Monday or on Tuesday? 他是星期一走照样星期二走?

Would you like coffee or tea? 你是要咖啡照样茶?

What ..., + A or B?

组织︰稀奇疑问句(读降调),+A(读升调)or B(读降调)

表明︰这栽选择<疑问句>行使得相等普及,其特点是:前线的稀奇<疑问句>已经清晰地指出了要问的内容,再添添几项详细事物让对方做出肯定的答复。其语调是"降-升-降"调。

What would you like - coffee or tea? 你要什么?咖啡照样茶?

Which would you rather to buy - silk or cotton? 您想买什么?丝照样棉?

Where did you go: to Tianjin or to Beijing? 您往了那里?天津照样北京?

When will you go to the Fair, tomorrow or some other day?

你何时往营业会?明天照样另找哪镇日?

... what/which ...

组织︰主要子句+疑问词(what/how/which/why 等)+子句

表明︰这是间接<疑问句>。疑问词后面的语句采用平常词序,不采用稀奇<疑问句>所用的倒装词序。全句末了大众用句点,但也有用问号的。直接问句改为间接问句或间接句时,原先的<疑问句>要改为肯定句或<否定句>的挨次;<助动词>如 will,should,would, must,may,can 等,须照抄,不可往失踪;<助动词>如 do,does,did,必须往失踪,再将它后面的底细<动词>改为正当的方法。

I'd like to know how old the manager is. 吾想晓畅经理有众大年纪。

He inquired how it was done. 他问这事做得怎么样了。

Please advise me which item I should buy. 请示吾该先买哪个品栽。

Tell me why it is so important? 通知吾为什么此事这么主要?

They do not know what the words mean. 他们不晓畅这些字的有趣是什么。

Tell me what happened yesterday. 通知吾昨天所发生的事。

What they talked about is what we want to know. 他们谈论什么是吾们所想要晓畅的事。

She washed her hair every night and measured how much it grew in a week.

她每晚洗头发,而且量量看一星期长众少。

You will never know how much your encouragement meant to me.

你决不会晓畅你的鼓励对吾众么有意义。

... whether/if ...

组织︰主要子句+whether/if+子句

表明︰此句型意为"…是否…"。口语中行使 if 较为远大。倘若子句中带有 or not 等词,则只能用 whether;另外,whether 不克引导否定的间接<疑问句>,而 if 则能够。

He asked me the question whether the price was too high. 他问吾价格是否太高。

They asked him whether the quality is fine or not. 他们问他质量是否益。

Tell me whether you like this color. 通知吾你喜不喜欢这栽颜色。

Tell me if it doesn't rain. 通知吾是否下不了雨。

Ask him if it is true. 问他那是不是真的。

I wonder if he is in the school. 吾想晓畅他是否在私塾。

Do you know if/where ...

组织︰清淡疑问句+疑问词(what/where/when 等)+子句

表明︰此句为双重<疑问句>。疑问词后面采用平常词序,不必倒装词序。

Can you tell me where the teacher has gone? 你能通知吾老师到那里往了吗?

Have you any idea where he comes from? 他是那里人,您晓畅不晓畅?

Do you know if they like this new item? 你晓畅他们是否喜欢这个新品栽?

Do you know who wants to go with me? 你晓畅谁想跟吾一首往吗?

Do you know when the train will leave? 你晓畅火车何时开吗?

Can you tell me how much you earn a month? 你能通知吾你一个月赚众少吗?

He is ..., is he?

组织︰肯定式陈述句+肯定式逆问句

表明︰这栽疑问<句型>的前后相反,都是肯定式组织。后一片面进一步强调前一片面的内容,是不必要回答的一栽修辞手段。

We are old friends, not strangers, right? 吾们是老良朋了,不是生硬人,是吗?

He's a capable businessman, is he? 他是一位很有能力的营业员,可不是吗?

So you come importing Chinese textiles, do you? 正本你是来进口中国纺织品的,是么?

So you've been to Shanghai, have you? 正本你往过上海,是吧?

... what ...?

组织︰…疑问词(在句中任何位置上)…

表明︰疑问词不是位于句子起头,而是在句子中任何位置上,这栽手段相等浅易,因此在口语中频繁展现。

Two times what number makes ten? 什么数的两倍是十?

You will go where? 你要到那里往?

You are twenty-what this year? 你今年二十几岁?

He's your who? 他是你什么人?

What/How about + N/V-ing?

组织︰What/How about+名词/动名词?

表明︰此句型意为"…如何?"。这是征求对方偏见或挑议的含蓄说法。

What about the name Smith? 史密斯这个名字怎么样?

What about going to a movie? 往看场电影如何?

What about lending me some money? 借点钱给吾如何?

What about washing the car on Sunday? 礼拜天洗车怎么样?

How about the others? 盈余的怎么样?

How about a drink? 来一杯吧?

How about a cup of coffee at a nearby coffee shop? 往附近的咖啡屋喝杯咖啡吧?

What if ...?

组织︰What if+主语+动词

表明︰此句型意为"倘若…的话怎么办呢?"。但频繁用于逆语,未必也变成"即使…也能够"之意。

What if it is true? 倘若这是真的又该如何呢?

What if he doesn't agree? 倘若他迥异意该怎么办呢?

What if he comes back now? 倘若他现在回来怎么办?

What if the boy's parents should die? 倘若那男孩的父母物化了该怎么办呢?

What if I fail! 即使吾战败了又怎样!

What ... for?

组织︰What+助动词+主语+动词…+for?

表明︰此句型意为"为什么…?"。相等于"For what…?"

What are you running for? 你为什么在跑步?

What do you want it for? 你为什么要谁人?

What did they go there for? 他们为什么往那里?

How else ...?

组织︰How else+助动词+主语+助动词?

表明︰此句型意为"…还有别的手段吗?"。

How else should a father in this modern world express his affection and concern for his own son? 当代这个世界上,父亲还答该有别的手段来对本身的儿子外示喜欢护和关心吗?

How else can the doctor save him? 医院还有别的手段能够救他吗?

How else can I apologize for her? 吾还能有别的手段能够向她道歉吗?

倘若法句型

If + Present Tense ..., S + will/shall + V ...

组织︰If+现在式…,S+异日式…

表明︰if 子句用现在式,外示须具备的条件,主句用异日式外示能够的效果,整句含意为"倘若…,那么…"。will 用于一切的人称,在 I 和 we 之后可用 shall 代替 will。若主句的主语为 I 或 we 时,凤凰彩票代理能够用 shall 代替 will。像 if necessary(倘若必要),if possible(倘若能够),if so(倘若云云)等固定词组实际上是省略了的 if 子句。

If I lose my job, I will/shall go abroad. 倘若吾赋闲了,吾就出国。

If I have a headache, I will take an aspirin. 倘若吾头痛,吾就服一片阿斯匹林。

If it rains, we will stay at home. 倘若下雨,吾们将待在家里。

If the weather clears, we'll go for a walk. 倘若天晴,吾们就往信步。

If the weather doesn't clear, we won't go for a walk. 倘若天不晴,吾们就不往信步。

Inflation may be rising, if (it is) so, prices will go up.

通货膨大率能够上升。倘若是云云,物价就会上涨。

If possible, She wants to go with us. 能够的话,她想跟吾们一首往。

Sterling may fall, if (this should be) so, interest rates will rise.

英国货币能够贬值,倘若果真如此,利率就会上升。

If + Present Tense ..., S + Modal Verb ...

组织︰If + 现在式,主语+情态助动词

表明︰本句型实为句型之变体。之因而用情态助动词,主要是由于措辞者对能够的效果不是太肯定或者是想外达例如必要的有趣。

If it is fine tomorrow, we can go out. 倘若明天天气益,吾门能够出门。

If it is fine tomorrow, we could go out. 倘若明天天气益,吾门能够出门。

If it is fine tomorrow, we may go out. 倘若明天天气益,吾门能够出门。

If it is fine tomorrow, we might go out. 倘若明天天气益,吾门能够出门。

If it is fine tomorrow, we should go out. 倘若明天天气益,吾门宜于出门。

If it is fine tomorrow, we ought to go out. 倘若明天天气益,吾门宜于出门。

If it is fine tomorrow, we must go out. 倘若明天天气益,吾门必须出门。

If I should ..., Imperative Sentence.

组织︰If I+should ...+祈使语气

表明︰代替,添添了条件的不确定性。本句型常用在想礼貌地挑出请求或提出,或者想圆滑地通知他人该做什么事的场相符。用 should 首首句子即可不必 if 而外示条件。这栽用法比较正式,常用于诸如公函之中,而不必于平时会话。

If you should see him, please give him my regards. 倘若你见到他,请代吾向他致意。

Should you see him, please give him my regards. 倘若你见到他,请代吾向他致意。

If you should happen to see him, please give him my regards.

倘若你万一见到他,请代吾向他致意。

Should you happen to see him, please give him my regards.

倘若你万一见到他,请代吾向他致意。

If you should write to her, send her my love. 倘若你给她写信,请代吾向她问候。

Should you not wish our agent to call, please let us know.

你若不期待吾们的代理人往造访,请告之。

Should you be interested in our offer, please contact us.

你若对吾们的报价感有趣,请与吾们有关。

If I should ..., I will ...

组织︰If…should…,…would(will)/should(shall)等+底细动词

表明︰这是外示与异日实情相逆的倘若<句型>,if <子句>要用<助动词> should,译成"万一"。should可置于<主语>前,将 if 省略。<主要子句>的<助动词>则视能够性做转折:若能够性低,则为以前式,若能够性高,则为现在式。should 能够挑前,而将 if 省略。

If he should come, I would tell him the truth. 万一他来,吾会把真一致知他。

If he should come, I will tell him the truth. 万一他来,吾肯定会把真一致知他。

Should the boy come again, I would throw him out. 要是那男孩在来,吾就把他撵出往。

If it should rain, our plan would be spoiled. 万一下雨,吾们的计划就泡汤了。

Should that be true, the contract would be canceled. 倘若那是真的,相符约就该作废。

Should another world war break out, what would become of human beings?

万一另一次世界大战爆发,人类将会发生什么事?

If I were to ..., I ...

组织︰If…were to…,…would/should 等+底细动词

表明︰这也是外示与异日状况相逆的倘若<句型>,与"if ... should, ..."大致一致,但"if ... were to"所外示的能够性更低,清淡用以外示"与真理相逆"的<倘若语气>。

If the sun were to rise in the west, he would pass the exam.

要是太阳从西边出来,他就会经过考试--他不能够经过考试。

If I were to be born again, I would like to be a bird. 吾要是再活一次,吾想当一只鸟。

If the sun were to disappear, what would the earth be like?

万一太阳消亡了,地球会变成什么样子?

Were I to die tomorrow, what would my children do?

万一明天吾物化了,吾的孩子们将怎么办呢?

If I + V-ed, I would ...

组织︰If…+以前式动词…,主语+以前式助动词(would/should 等)+底细动词

表明︰这是与现在实情相逆的倘若句型。if <子句>中的<动词>,岂论<主语>为第几人称,整齐用 were,were 可置于主语前线,而省略 if。以前式<助动词>除用 should(用于第一人称)、 would(用于第二、三人称)外,还可用不分人称的 could,might 和 ought to,它们与<动词>底细结相符首来组成<倘若语气>。

If I knew his address, I could write to him. 倘若吾晓畅他的住址,吾会写信给他。

If I were free now, I might call on him. 倘若吾未必间,吾能够会往看他。

If you were in my shoes (=Were you in my shoes), what would you do?

倘若你站在吾的立场,你会怎么做?

Were I rich enough, I would buy a sports car. 倘若吾有有余的钱,吾就买一辆赛车了。

How happy I would be if I were a few inches taller! 要是吾再高几寸,吾会益起劲。

If I had a car, I could take her for a drive. 倘若吾有车, 吾就带她往兜风了。

If I had binoculars, I could see that comet clearly.

倘若吾有看远镜,吾就能够明了地看见那颗彗星。

It is time that ...

组织︰It is(high)time+(that)+主语+以前式动词

表明︰此句型意为"已经到了…的时间了"。以前式<动词>处未必亦行使"should+<动词>底细"。that <子句>也能用 to <不定词>来外示。

It is time he went to bed. 该是他睡眠的时间了。

It is time that you left for the duty. 该你当班了。

It is time that you reflected upon your mistakes. 该是你逆省思过的时候了。

It is high time he should come to our house for dinner.已经到了他该上咱家吃晚饭的时候了。

It is time for somebody to teach you to behave yourself.

该是有人教你答对进退之礼仪的时候了。

If I had V-ed, I would have ...

组织︰If…had+以前分词…,主语+would/should 等+have+以前分词

表明︰这是与以前实情相逆的倘若<句型>。if <子句>要用<以前完善式>,<主要子句>则要用以前式<助动词>(would,should,ought to,might,could)+have+以前<分词>。if <子句>中的 had可置于<主语>前线,而省略 If。

If I had seen him, I would have told him the truth. 倘若吾当时看见他,吾会通知他实情。

I could have finished the task if I had had more time.

倘若当时吾能有众一点时间,吾就能完善这项义务。

If we had known of your departure, we would have seen you off at the airport.

倘若吾们事先觉道你要脱离,吾们会到机场送走。

I someone had been with him, he might not have been drowned.

倘若有人在他左右,也许他就不会溺物化。

I might have been incredulous had I not been accustomed to such responses.

若非吾已经民俗了云云的回答,吾能够不敢容易自夸。

Had he not apologize to her, she would not have forgiven him.

她(当时)不会包容他,若非他道了歉。

Had he not saved me, I might have been drowned. 吾能够溺物化了,若非他救了吾。

Had I proposed to you, would you have married me?

吾要是以前向你求婚,你会批准嫁给吾吗?

Had you not helped us, we should have canceled this transaction.

倘若异国你的协助,这笔营业早就告吹了。

If I had V-ed, I would ...

组织︰If…had+以前分词…,主语+would/should 等+底细动词+now/today

表明︰这是<时态>纷歧致时的倘若<句型>,亦称同化倘若条件句。即:if <子句>若与以前实情相逆,用<以前完善式>外示;而<主要子句>若与现在实情相逆,则用以前式<助动词>外示。此类<主要子句>句尾清淡有外现在的<时间副词>,如 now,today 等。

If he had worked harder when young, he would be well off now.

倘若他年轻时众全力一点,现在就能过得安详些。

If I had been rich ten years ago, I could buy that house today.

倘若十年前吾有钱,今天吾就能买下那栋房子了。

Had he told the truth, he wouldn't be punished now.倘若他当时肯说实话,现在就不会受罪了。

Had he followed the doctor's advice, he might be alive now.

当时他要是听了大夫的提出,现在能够还在世。

I wish ... + V-ed ...

组织︰I wish+(that)+主语+动词以前式/以前完善式(had+以前分词)…

表明︰I wish 之后以 that <子句>为<受词>时,该<子句>的<动词>肯定要用<倘若语气>:若<动词>用以前式,外示与现在实情相逆的期待;若用<以前完善式>,则外示与以前实情相逆的期待。"I wish+that-<子句>"的<句型>也可用"I would rather+that-<子句>"取代。而 I hope 之后以 that <子句>做<受词>时,该<子句>用清淡<时态>。

I wish there were meadows and lambs. 但愿有草地与幼羊。

I wish I were as tall as you. 但愿吾像你一致高。

I wish he could tell us. 但愿他能通知吾们。

I wish (=I would rather) he could come tomorrow. 但愿他明天能来。

I wish you had not been caught in the rain yesterday. 但愿昨天你们异国淋到雨。

I wish you had not told the truth. 但愿你异国说实话。

I wish I had known you ten years ago. 真期待十年前就已经意识你。

If only + V-ed

组织︰If only+以前式/以前完善式

表明︰此句型意为"要是…就益了。"用以前式,外示与现在实情相逆;若用<以前完善式>,则外示与以前实情相逆。

If only I had a rich father. 要是吾有个有钱的爸爸就益了。

If only he had been here. 要是他当时在这边就益了。

If only I had another chance. 要是吾再有一次机会就益了。

... as if/as though ...

组织︰…as if/as though…现在式/以前式/以前完善式

表明︰此句型意为"彷佛…;一致…一致"。as if,as though 是<副词><连接词>,引导<副词子句>。<子句>中,可用现在式,以外示实情;也可用以前式或<以前完善式>,别离外示与现在或以前实情相逆的<倘若语气>。

He speaks like that as if he doesn't want to attend the meeting.他那样措辞,益似不想参添会议。

He walks as if he is drunk. 他走首路来一致他真的醉了。

He felt as if he almost wished to kill them. 他感觉彷佛几乎要杀失踪他们。

The baby opened the book as if he were able to read. 这个婴儿掀开书本彷佛他会念书。

The nurse attends on the patient as if he were her father.

这护士照顾这位病人彷佛在照顾她爸爸似的。

He ran into the room as if he had seen something terrible.

他跑进屋子,彷佛他看到什么可怕的东西。

She looks as if nothing had happened to her. 她当时看首来一致什么事都没发生似的。

It seems/looks as if ...

组织︰It seems/looks as if…

表明︰此句型意为"益似…"。本句型中的 as if <子句>可用以外示实情,或<倘若语气>。

It looks as if it is going to rain. 一致要下雨了。

It seems as if he knows everything. 他益似是个万事通。

It seems as if he knew everything, but in reality, he is as stupid as can be.

他益似是个万事通。其实他是再愚昧不过了。

It looks as if she had just come back from outer space.

她看首来彷佛刚从外层空间回来似的。

It seemed as if he had finished the work. 他益似已经完善了这个做事。

It seemed as if he would never finish the work. 他益似永世完善不了这个做事。

If it were not for ...

组织︰if it were not for+名词/子句,主语+would/should 等+底细动词…

表明︰此句型意为"若非(有)…"。此类句构特意用于外示与现在实情相逆的<倘若语气>。亦可用"but for+<名词>"或"without+<名词>"代替。were 能够挑前,省略 if,如例句3。

If it were not for his presence, I would punish you. 要不是他在场,吾会责罚你的。

But for your advice, I should have failed. 要不是你的忠言,吾会战败的。

But for music (=Were it not for music), life would be dull. 要不是音笑,人生会很枯燥。

If it were not for oxygen and nitrogen in the air, no man could live on the earth.

大气中倘若异国氧和氮,人就无法生存于地球了。

Without air, all living things would die. 若非空气,一切的生物都会物化亡。

Without newspaper, we would get behind the times. 要不是报纸,吾们都赶不上时代了。

I should be lonely, were it not for the birds and the flowers. 吾会寂寞,若非有鸟也有花。

Were it not for his help, I could not finish the work.若非有他的协助,吾就不克完善这件做事。

Were it not for science, we could not live a comfortable live.

若非科学,吾们无法过着安详的生活。

If it had not been for ...

组织︰if it had not been for+名词/子句,主语+would/should 等+底细动词…

表明︰此句型意为"若非(有)…"。此类句构特意用于外示与以前实情相逆的<倘若语气>。

If it had not been for his help, I should have failed. 倘若异国他的协助,吾答该已经战败。

Had it not been for your timely help, our company would have been on the verge of bankruptcy. 若非你及时伸作声援之手,本公司将会濒临休业的边缘。

If it had not been for these experiments, the improvement of the machine would have been impossible. 要不是这些实验,这部机器能够就不能够改良了。

Had it not been for the kind guide, I might have got lost in the mountains.

要不是这位善心的向导,吾能够就在山中迷路了。

If it had not been that he was here, I would have punished you.

要不是他在场,吾当时就会责罚你。

I demand/insist that ...

组织︰主语1+意志动词(demand/insist 等)+(that)+主语2+(should)+底细动词

表明︰意志<动词>有四类:提出(suggest,recommend,propose,advise,urge 等),请求(desire, ask,demand,require,request,maintain,insist 等),命令(order,command 等),规定( rule,regulate,stipulate 等)。其后接 that-<子句>时,该<子句>里的<动词>要用底细或"should+<动词>"。美式英语清淡省略 should。

The committee moved that the meeting (should) be adjourned. 委员挑议息会。

His parents demanded that he (should) be back by ten. 他的父母请求他十点以前回家。

The employees demand that their salaries be raised. 员工们请求添薪。

They ruled that the law (should) not be imposed. 他们规定不答添重法律。

His father ordered that he (should) keep a diary in English.

他的父亲规定他要用英文写日记。

My mother encouraged me and insisted that I continue my education.

吾妈妈鼓励吾,而且坚持吾答该不息吾的哺育。

He insisted that I (should) apologize to her. 他坚持吾答该向她道歉。

Recently, many states have insisted that high schools teach students how to drive.

近来,很众州坚持中学答该教门生如何开车。

His father insisted that they (should) move to the country. 他爸爸坚持他们答该搬到乡下。

It is proper ... that ...

组织︰It is+意志形容词(important 等)+(that)+主语+(should)+底细动词

表明︰意志<形容词>包括 important,necessary,imperative,essential,urgent,desirable, advisable,recommendable,proper 等。that-<子句>中只能用<助动词> should,不可用 must,而 should 往往予以省略。

It is necessary that he (should) sort out the information for my reference.

他有必要清理些原料供吾参考。

It is essential that he get up early. 他有必要早首。

It is urgent that food and clothing (should) be sent to the sufferers.

急需将食物和衣服送给灾民。

It is desirable that we (should) provide for the poor at Christmas.

在圣诞节施舍穷人是可喜的事。

It is important that he be quiet. 他该保持坦然是有必要的。

It is important that he not do it. 他不答做那事是有必要的。

It is requested that all members be present at the party. 通盘会员都被请求出席这次晚会。

It is proper that such a bad man be punished severely. 这么坏的人受重罚是答该的。

Imperative Sentence + Conj. + Main Clause

组织︰祈使句+连接词+主句

表明︰<祈使句>外示须具备的条件,主句外示能够的效果。<祈使句>代替 if 子句进走评说,挑出请求,签定制定,挑供提出或要挟等。<祈使句>的用法比 if 子句外示的更为紧迫。

Provide the materials and we'll do the job. 挑供原料,吾们就做这活。

Stop shouting or you'll wake up the neighbors. 不要喊了,否则你会把邻居吵醒的。

Put that down or else I'll smack you. 把它放下,不然吾就揍你。

Be there on time, otherwise you'll create a bad impression.

要按期来,否则你会给人一个坏的印象。

Fail to pay and they'll cut off the electricity. 你(倘若)不付款,他们就要断电。

Stop eating sweets, or you won't get any dinner. 你倘若不息止吃糖,你就不要吃饭。

Unless ...

组织︰Unless+子句,主要子句

表明︰此句型意为"除非…"。unless 引导一个否定倘若句,相等于 if ... not ...,未必能够互换行使。总体上看,unless 的语气强于 if ... not ...,而且未必较为常用,例如在末了通牒中。

Unless you change your mind (=If you don't change you mind), I won't be able to help you.

除非你转折你的思想,否则吾不克协助你。

Unless the management improves their offer, there'll be a strike.

除非资方做出进一步的提出,否则将举走停工。

I couldn't have got to the meeting on time - unless I had caught an earlier train.

吾不能够及时赶到会场,除非吾赶上了较找的一班火车。

Provided/Providing (that) ....

组织︰Provided/provided(that)+子句,S+V ...

表明︰此句型意为"倘若…"。Provided/Providing (that) 引导倘若条件句,其功能相等于 if。

Provided/Providing (that) you clear your desk by this evening, you can have tomorrow off.

倘若你到今晚把手头上的做事做完,你明天就能够修整。

As/So long as ...

首页 | 凤凰彩票app下载 | 凤凰彩票代理 | 凤凰彩票注册 |

+86-0000-1234



Powered by 凤凰彩票app下载_官网平台 @2018 RSS地图 html地图